Basic bait, of course, can be used in reservoirs where there is no pressure from the anglers. But even here, to achieve maximum results, additional components and flavorings will be required. We will talk about the percentage and for which fish to add them to the bait. However, in the beginning, it is probably worth explaining what is attributed to flavorings and activators, and what to additional components of the bait mixture. So, the powder or liquid components used in the bait mixture within 5-7% of the total volume, which are not direct fish food, but only stimulate appetite, are classified as flavorings and activators of bite.
This type of additives includes, in particular, oriental spices, seeds of umbrella plants and various oils. Unlike activators, additional components are introduced into the bait usually in the amount of 10-15% of the total volume; they not only stimulate the appetite of the fish, but also partly can saturate it. An example of additional ingredients is chopped nuts and cookies. In addition to smell and color, all additional bait components and flavorings have properties such as nutritional value and stickiness. These properties are more important in determining the proportion of additional components in the overall bait composition, since activators and flavorings are added in relatively small quantities. In short, flavors and attractants attract fish and collect them on a well-fed table, and they hold here the main and additional components of the bait.
Flavors and Activators
Milled dried garlic in the amount of 2-5% is added to the bait most often when fishing for bream and carp. Let me remind you that the minimum amount is added in the cold season, and the maximum – in hot summer days. The stickiness and nutritional value of garlic powder are small, and indeed they do not have much importance, since the proportion of the additive in the total bait volume is small. You can also use the infusion of fresh garlic: knead 2-3 cloves of garlic and pour them with hot water in a 200-gram glass. Let stand for 5-6 hours. Add the resulting infusion while fishing in water to knead 1.5-2 kg of the bait mixture. This liquid flavor is also used when fishing for crucian carp.
To catch roach, bream, carp, tench and bleak, it is useful to add 4-8% anise powder to the bait. On many ponds and lakes in central Russia, bait with anise attracts crucian carp well. The nutritional value of ground anise is as low as that of garlic. Anise is an all-season additive for bait, but in winter, add no more than 2-3% of the powder. To activate biting tench and roach, 2-5% of the liquorice root powder is added to the bait mixture. This is a herbaceous plant of the legume family, in Russia known as licorice and Ural licorice. The powder can be purchased at the pharmacy and used in the summer with severe cooling, as well as in late autumn when catching all types of fish in a minimum percentage ratio; on hot days, as usual, you can add more.
When catching most species of peaceful fish, very good results are obtained when 2-5% of ground anise fruits are included in the bait. These are the fruits of a tree growing in China, Vietnam, Cambodia. Star anise is cultivated in Abkhazia. Depending on the area of growth, it has several names: star anise, Chinese anise, Indian anise, Siberian anise. The taste of star anise is bittersweet, and smells very similar to anise, but does not have sugaryness and does not contain safflower essential oil. In my opinion, as an activator of biting when fishing for bream and large roach, both in the stream and in still water, anisex is indispensable and works much better than anise.
The dried and finely ground bark of cinnamon – a tree native to Sri Lanka and southern India – is used as a bait for both roach and bream. It perfectly attracts fish when added in an amount of 2-5% of the total. The nutritional value of cinnamon is low, but it has the ability to greatly increase the appetite of fish, regardless of season and fishing location. Cinnamon can be included in the top five and activators of biting, and flavorings of the bait mixture.
The ground fruits of ceratonia, or carob, a representative of the legume family from the Mediterranean, usually called "carob", are used as a substitute for coffee. When fishing for bream and roach, ceratonium is added to the bait in an amount of 5-10%. Personally, I was able to buy ceratonia only in Moscow, in the oriental spice store on Sukharevka, so instead of it, you can use ground freshly roasted coffee grains in a slightly smaller percentage. But it should be remembered that this is a purely summer supplement, which is advisable to use when fishing on the course in non-silted reservoirs.
Oilcake and oil of perennial umbrella food and medicinal plants fennel cultivated from Europe to Japan, also include in the amount of 2-5% in the composition of bait for bream fishing. According to my own experience and reviews of friends who tried fennel in the bait during summer fishing for bream, this activator can be considered one of the best. It goes well with vanilla powder. Dried ground roots and stalks of turmeric – an herb in the ginger family – contain essential oils and yellow dyes (curcumin). Turmeric is actively used by anglers in bait mixtures when fishing for large roach in the amount of 10-15% and as a natural dye for bait. It is also effective in bait when catching small peaceful fish on small and medium rivers. But I consider turmeric a pure summer bite activator.
Well-known dill in ground form in the amount of 4-8% is added when fishing for roach, bream and tench. But in most of central Russia, ground dill is considered one of the best activators of crucian carp biting in heavily overgrown muddy ponds. Fine dill also gives a good result in combination with cinnamon when fishing for bream in rivers. With targeted fishing for bream, 5-7% of finely ground basil should be added to the bait mixture. This annual plant causes and enhances the appetite of fish. In addition to finely ground leaves, chopped basil seeds in the same percentage can also be used. Basil can be used simultaneously with almost all known bite activators and bait flavorings when catching any peaceful fish.
Foreign fishermen often add to the bait finely ground roots of our little-known cassava, a shrub that grows in the tropics of America. The roots of this plant contain a lot of starch. Raw, the roots are very poisonous, but the flour prepared from them is used to bake cakes called cassava bread. 5–10% of this flour is added to bait for bleak and small roach.
It should be remembered that some activators of biting are compatible in a common bait mixture, while the simultaneous use of others is undesirable. Coriander and cinnamon, cinnamon and cocoa powder, cinnamon and basil, cinnamon and vanilla are added to fish well. It makes no sense to use activators related in nature, since they are interchangeable, that is, you should not, for example, add anise and star anise to the bait at the same time. You can not mix garlic powder with sweet flavors, it is better to use it in combination with anise, star anise, basil.
author Vladimir DOROFEEV
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