Nowhere in the literature there is no information that you can catch a chub in winter toads. I decided to fill this gap and last year I spent a lot of time catching this fish on one of the picturesque tributaries of the Oka. The result was quite impressive. It began with the fact that two of my fishing friends chose a small rivulet in the Kaluga region for winter fishing (the name was asked not to be named). They told that from December to March, they came across chubs on toads several times, which were originally set on a pike (and this river is famous for large toothed ones). I began to find out the details of fishing. It turns out that after frequent idle flag lifts, friends suspected that they could not take pike, and decided to make a more delicate tackle, simply removing kevlar leashes from pike poles and tying tees straight to the main line. As a result, over the next two days of stay on the river, chubs were caught – for 400 and 500 g.
It is believed that the chub is inactive in winter and feeds mainly in the thaw. However, in preparation for fishing, I remembered that on r. Upe in the Tula region from December to February, he sometimes manifested itself in frosty weather. I caught there, however, on the nod and float fishing rods and always chose water areas that are well saturated with oxygen. For example, a good point was on strong ice below the piles of a destroyed bridge, which had blockages with ducts from boiling water. Fishermen should be warned immediately so that they do not come close to areas where a fast current can wash away ice.
On that first memorable departure to the chubby Oka, without waiting for the thaw, I grabbed a dozen perch voile bitches with me. For fishing in frosty weather, when the hole needs to be well sprinkled with snow, so that the fishing line does not freeze, the toes on the tripod are rather low. Therefore, I took my old crackers on a rack from a copper tube, which I thoroughly adjusted, and some finished it, taking into account the experience of winter perch fishing on live bait. According to my assumptions, the chub was supposed to take on the zherlitsu about the same as striped. Now the flags were triggered with a minimum turn of the coil, but at the same time they held it securely when the zheritsa was in the charged position. The leg of each zherlitsa had to be extended, having pressed a tube of smaller diameter into the base of the tube-stand. As a result, it was possible to pour a high hill of snow around the pole of a long pin, and the line in the hole did not catch even in severe frost.
Conditions for recreation and fishing were the most favorable. At our disposal was a warm hut on the bank of the river, which turns an arc around a small village distant from the roads. And in this village, except for us, no one. My friend has a jeep, it’s impossible to get here on machines of a different type. Placed in the hut, immediately went to the river. I had a kana with small minnows with me, which I had caught a day earlier in a dam near Moscow. I was tormented by the thought – whether the chub will show itself, because the ice on the river has grown quite thick. Reducing the access of oxygen to water makes all fish inactive, not to mention the chub. In addition, there was a frost – 10 ° C. The wind was practically absent.
We went down to the ice. Sasha, a lover of fishing on the jig, went around the bend. I stayed on a rather long rift, on the rapids of which the black opening was gaping with black mouth. Measured the depths. The maximum ones turned out to be 1-1.5 m. At first, I was very disappointed, but, remembering that the guys who caught the Chubs were on this rift, he decided to stay here. He put the crooks on the maximum lows of the bottom. Places chose the most diverse – and in the area of the sandy island, where there were spins of the flow, and on the roll of the roll, and the trees fallen into the water. For the whole day I did not see a single lift. And it was enough to wonder where did the pike go, which my friends were successfully catching with spinning on this river in the autumn (it had to somehow prove itself). Leaving for the night in a hut, he left the same places in the same places, carefully sprinkled them with snow so that the fishing line would not froze to the ice.
The next day we went to the river at dawn. Already from a distance, approaching the shore, we saw two flags – both actuated vozherlitsy were set practically above a flat bottom, one – where a horsetail rug was laid, the other – closer to the shore, above the gravel. The calculation of the installation of outlaws turned out to be correct – below the polynya on a long stretch the water was well saturated with oxygen due to the fact that in winter in the open waters there is an intense heat exchange between air and water.
The first zherlitsa worked idle – minnow was not touched. But the second one pleased me – after the hole had been cleared, I led it to the surface and safely removed a six hundred gram chub, thoroughly swallowed the hook with live fish, onto the snow. From further experience of catching, I realized that it is not necessary to put a wrecker close to a polynya — the chub is inactive here, if it comes close to open water at all. Two more stubs worked at the bottom of the reel. But, obviously, I didn’t so carefully sprinkle them with snow, and the fishing line was still slightly frozen, and this caused the live bait to be removed from the hook. In the afternoon, the chub again didn’t show itself, wherever I would rearrange the voices.
The next two trips to this river fell to a thaw. I again paid all my attention to catching a chub on live bait. The chub pecked a lot better in the thaw, and now ten toads have brought three to the second exit, and two to the third. And again, all the bites were at night or in the early morning. One chub managed to catch in the evening almost at dusk after a long time my friend and I were absent from the river. Large fish were not caught, the biggest chub pulled at 800 g. Why the chub did not peck during the day, for me it remains a mystery. Perhaps because of his excessive caution, he was very sensitive to extraneous sounds, because during the day I occasionally moved on the ice, rearranging the vozherlitsy, and even the friend of the icemaker sometimes pissed off the fish. But there were also long periods of time when it was quite quiet on the river (I went ashore, from where I watched the toes). However, in the afternoon, not a single chub was caught.
I made several conclusions from this and subsequent fishing trials with the use of chubby vent on the tributaries of the Oka. In winter, the chub reacts best to the minnow. Minnow more tenacious and established above the ground, like bottom fish, always tends to down. With his flutter on a snap, he constantly spreads oscillatory pulses in the water, which are easily caught by the predatory chub. It is noticed that the chub always walks a little higher or much higher than the bottom and reacts badly to the live bait installed near the bottom, therefore on small rivers it is best to install it at a distance of 50-60 cm from the ground, and where there is a carpet of algae at the bottom, – so that the live bait is in the open space above them. By the way, in the course of several subsequent fishing trips on this chub, I tried as an experiment to catch fry of other fish species. There was no bite at all on the small bass, ruff, karasikov, plotvichek. There were two idle lifts for bleak, and a three hundred gram perch caught on one bleak.
As for the choice of fishing sites, then the sections with current twists, zones on the border of quiet and fast water below shallows, islands, and debris will be suitable. Here the current can demolish a weakened fry, which the chub can easily hunt. In the openings between the sunken bushes of the aspirant it is better to install in the half-heads or near the surface, since the chub here, going out to hunt, is covered with branches. The catchable areas may be near the trees felled in the water, as well as near the washed-out shores with large rhizomes sticking out in the water. It is desirable that near the coastal shelters were depths of more than 1 m. On small rivers can not be overlooked and the pool. One chub on that Kaluga river was taken at the exit from the pit with a depth of 2 m (it was found below roll-over by the turn). The bottom at the exit of the pit was distinguished by a strong waviness of the relief.
Now about the gear. The chubby vent is not much different from the perch designed for perch fishing. The main condition for successful fishing is that when turning over the reel, the fish do not use noticeable force. If the pike takes greedily and does not feel the tension when turning the coil flagged tightly, the cautious Chub immediately determines the trick and leaves. Therefore, it is important that the coil has maximum softness, without jamming. In snowy weather, you need to make sure that there is no freezing of snow on the axis. For chubby fishing, it is good to have coils of solid foam with sector marking, which can be used to determine whether it rotates or not from afar. The diameter of the coil – 50-70 mm. The fishing line is single, without a lead – 0.28-0.3 mm. A chubby monofilament chub can notice and ignore the fry. It is advisable to use soft fishing line.
Hook with a long forend single No. 5-6 (international classification). Tying a leash of monofilament weakens the snap, and the chub is very striking. The minimum load is one “olive” weighing 5-10 g for installation on a weak current and 15-20 g on a stronger one. The olive is stopped by a swivel or round element of the minimum size, firmly mounted 35-50 cm above the hook. A long leash on a light current gives a large amplitude for movements of the fry, which makes the latter more attractive to the predator. In places threatening to hold, it makes sense to install a leash. As it is better to use a piece of fishing line of the same diameter as the main one. In order to have less fuss with a broken line, it is sometimes worth putting a leash from the line 0.02 mm less than the diameter of the main monofilament. It is knotted, such as "hanging knot".
After the chub is biting, you can immediately hook up, because he takes the minnow from the tail, never tries it, but immediately grabs it if it does not notice the trick. If you use a tee, then take the minimum, not more than the 10th number. In principle, with a tee serif is safer. And further. Since in the thaw the forts on the monostable stand poorly and can fall during snow melting, during this period it is better to use the toes on a tripod – they stand securely, not even sprinkled with snow. However, it should be borne in mind that in some thaws at night the air temperature can still go down, therefore it is necessary to fill up a hill of snow, otherwise freezing of the fishing line is possible.
author: Goryainov AG
New Fishing Secrets (Complete Fishing Reference)
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