Among all cyprinids, tench stands out for its thick, clumsy body, covered with small scales and a rather plentiful layer of mucus. It reaches a length of up to 70 cm and a weight of up to 7 kg. The mouth of the tench is finite, small, fleshy, in the corners of it there is one short antenna. The eyes are small, with a red rainbow. All fins are rounded. Usually the back is dark green, the sides are olive green with a golden tint, the belly is grayish. Almost black lines are found in overgrown ponds. In general, the color of this fish varies greatly in shades and depends on local habitats. In central Russia, spawning usually begins at the end of May and lasts until July (in two or three doses). Depending on age, the female lays up to 300 thousand greenish eggs on aquatic plants.
Lin prefers lakes, ponds, elders, overgrown rivers with muddy bottoms overgrown with aquatic vegetation. It is characterized by great sedentaryness. For wintering, the lines lie in deep water, burying themselves in silt. We have not so many enthusiasts of tench fishing. This is explained, apparently, by the fact that, firstly, this fish is small in number, it is kept apart, as it were, due to its caution, and it is not easy to locate it. And secondly, too often you have to read in the literature and hear talk about his capricious “character” and that it is extremely difficult to catch a tench. In some directories, for example, one can often find descriptions of bite of a tench, which lasts almost half an hour. However, experienced fishermen who have mastered fishing for this wonderful fish know that bite tench is expressed in different ways.
Indeed, it happens that the float flutters once or twice, and then goes to the side and disappears under water (you need to hook!). But more often than not, the float can sink immediately, without any movement on the surface of the water – it all depends on the activity of the fish, the nutrition of the reservoir, and, of course, on how much mouth-watering nozzle you offer it. I had to catch a tench in the Baltic states, on the Lower Volga and in the suburbs. I should note that the behavior of this fish varies by region. In the lower Volga, for example, tench is most often found in ilmeni lakes and eriks. Here he is not very picky and closer to the fall he even takes … fry. But on the often visited by fishermen ponds near Moscow, this fish is extremely careful.
To successfully catch a tench, you first need to clearly understand what it eats. The food of this fish is based on the larvae of chironomids and other insects, small mollusks, crustaceans, small-bristled worms, as well as soft aquatic vegetation. The juveniles feed on zooplankton and algae, and then invertebrates. In search of food, the lines, like crucian carp, dig for a long time in muddy soil, which is sometimes clearly seen in chains of bubbles coming from the bottom. Catch tench exclusively with bait or bait in well-known places. Usually these are gaps, small “small windows” among thickets of pond, horsetail, water lilies and other aquatic plants, occupying depths of 1-1.5 m in the coastal strip.
They feed the tench (taking into account local “requirements”) with fresh oilcake, cottage cheese mixed with cereals, breadcrumbs, etc. German fishermen, for example, consider the mixture effective, which is made from crushed white bread, breadcrumbs and clay with the addition of chopped worms, maggots, bloodworms, as effective. Sometimes they also use mashed boiled potatoes. Of course, all this does not exclude the use of ready-made mixtures of factory production intended for carp fish. The bait should be thrown into the fishing area outlined by you in small portions. The task of the fisherman is not to saturate the fish, but to cause her only appetite.
FROM THE COAST
Since tench fish are cautious and catch it at shallow depths, anglerfish should give priority to camouflage. Best of all, if you are located (if possible, of course) in the shade of coastal bushes or trees. You can hide behind a high reed so that the shadow does not fall on the water. It is useful to make a narrow “path” among the water thickets – this will turn out to be out of place in the process of catching a weighty golden line. However, where tench is found in significant numbers, you can always find a place on the pond that is convenient for casting bait and for fishing.
When fishing, mainly float tackle is used. The fishing rod is chosen strong, medium hardness, 6-8 m long (blank equipment) or for long casting (match tackle) 3.5-5 m long. The main fishing line is set depending on the intended trophy: a monofilament with a diameter of 0.14-0.22 mm, “braid” – 0.080.10 mm. Hooks No. 10-6 with a short forend. Balsa wood or styrofoam float. The body color of the float is brown, black or green. The antenna is black in light water, red or yellow in dark water. In windy weather, the float should have an elongated keel for better stability on the wave. Much depends on the leash. The thinner it is, the more likely it is to bite. Some anglers make it 50-70 cm long, which is justified with a weak bite.
As a nozzle (it should touch the bottom or lie on it) use a red worm, clam meat, crayfish neck, maggot, bloodworms, bread balls, flavored with attractants (anise, honey, tutti-frutti and the like). In general, when going for a tench, it is desirable to have a fairly wide selection of nozzles and at the beginning of fishing to offer them to the fish one at a time – and see which one will suit her taste. When determining the descent using a depth gauge, one must take into account that in muddy places it can be quite difficult to do this, since the sinker falls into the mud. Western fishers, for example, measure the depth in areas with a muddy bottom with a special lot, which is a lead bucket, through which a piece of a rubber strip is pinched. The hook is hooked and the cast is cast, while it does not allow the lead weight to sink into the sludge. When using a conventional depth gauge in places with a thick layer of silt at the bottom, after measuring the depth, the descent value should be made 5-10 cm shorter so that the sinker with the nozzle after casting does not fall into the silt.
author: В.А. Kazantsev “Fishing in open water”