Catching bream from the bottom in open water. Part 1

Catching bream from the bottom in open waterFishing is often unpredictable and sometimes even inexplicable, and in bream fishing, much in general is completely beyond any logic and understanding. For example, a vast fishing area, where a breeder was caught yesterday in a row by many anglers, today can suddenly become completely silent. Moreover, all conditions – the weather, the water level, and the fishing method – remained the same. We can only guess what happened, but I have no right to say something with certainty, so as not to mislead novice anglers, for whom this article was written. You can, of course, try to understand why the fish behaves in one way or another, but it is simply wrong to look for logic in its actions, based on human concepts. Maybe in my next life I will find myself in the guise of a bream, then I will understand what, why and how. In the meantime, only practice notes and an attempt to analyze “illogical logic” with fish.

I’ve been interested in bream fishing for a long time. In the summer I fish only from the shore and not too thoroughly, but in the winter I do it more purposefully, since in our area this fish is the main object of fishing for the “devil”, my favorite tackle. In this article, for example, I will focus on fishing on a pond in the city of Satka, Chelyabinsk region. It is a fairly large flowing pond with a dam that often changes the level of the reservoir. Its depth is generally more than 4 m, and bream is usually caught at this depth. There is a lot of bloodworms in the bottom mud, and thanks to the abundance of bream feed, to our delight, there are also a lot – this is the predominant species of fish in the pond. In general, a rather “average” bream reservoir in terms of conditions. In this article I will try not to write anything standard-known, but I will simply state what I have come to personally in ten years of fishing. No tricky ways, but only purely folk, ordinary fishing with a float from the bottom – a bream classic.


Bream bite is famous, peculiar only to this fish. A mesmerizing rise, when the float seems to have no end, and you just wonder how it all pops up from the water, pops up and does not fall in any way. Classics, of course, but this is not always the case. I fished, for example, three years ago next to the drain of the dam. Either the current pulled the line and pressed the float, or the breeder was inactive, but in four cases out of five the bite-rise consisted only in the fact that the float floated up a centimeter and a half and stood. You peer to tears – did you raise it or it seems? You hook it – there is. This is a description of a non-standard bite and the first difficulty – the timing of the sweep. When to hook, I can’t say one hundred percent. We need a golden mean: early is bad, late is even worse.

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It can be imagined that the lifting of the float corresponds to the capture of the nozzle by the lips from the bottom and the alignment of the body horizontally, and then the bream intercepts and tries, sucks the nozzle. This seems to be the most suitable moment, if we proceed from the theory, to hook until he gets pricked and spat out. Everything seems to be simple. But in practice, alas, you yourself know, there are plenty of empty undershoots. And we always reprimand ourselves: “Eh, early”, or vice versa: “Late!” When is the right moment in the end? God knows his fish! Each bite looks different, so it is simply impossible to write an instruction. Personally, I am guided by my feelings. Usually this is the end of the ascent, if it is classic full, or some stopping moments, if the float has risen, for example, halfway and stood up. Why wait for something? Hook! But this all applies to medium-sized bream, up to a kilogram. And the larger one, the “frying pan”, behaves differently, and there are no difficulties with it. Take your time – that’s all. In general, all serious fish take it right. But there is a special conversation about trophy bream, now I do not touch it.


A logical continuation of the theme of bites and sweeps is the weight of the rig. Remember that the conversation is about fishing from the bottom, that is, the sinker lies on the bottom and is controlled by the float. Nothing prevents you from using the lightest sinkers when fishing in the coastal zone. Undoubtedly, this in the most positive way affects the sensitivity of the gear, makes it delicate. But when fishing from the bank, it is often, although far from always, a long cast with a sliding float is required. And then, in general, a heavy load is needed for maximum casting, but at the same time, the tackle must remain sensitive and delicate so as not to alarm the bream. So everyone starts to go crazy in their own way, and there are plenty of options in use: sliding olives, chains of small weights of five or more pieces in different locations, and so on
Further. And they all have their own weighty reasons. And everyone catches. And it is right! In each specific case, you need its own weight, its own way of positioning the sinkers. And there are a great many cases.

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For instance. If there is a lower or upper thrust, which pulls off a light reserve lying on the bottom and controlling the nozzle, you may or may not want to, but you need to put a larger sinker down so that it anchors the nozzle in place. But when fishing near the shore, when there is no bottom thrust and the float is not carried away by the upstream current from the wind, a large load is not needed. The weight of the load also depends on the size of the nozzle. Imagine that a bream lifts a thin, weightless bloodworm from the bottom, and it turns out that it weighs 20 g! Naturally, in this case, the load should be of the lowest weight. And with a more voluminous attachment, for example, a good piece of semolina, you can put a heavier load. Further, it is necessary to take into account such a factor as a layer of greedy top or roach at the surface or in the water column. To break through the layer of insatiable little things, a heavier load is simply needed. It is necessary to quickly deliver the nozzle down, otherwise this numerous and always hungry horde may not allow the nozzle to go down at all – it will strip the hook on the fly.

In the issue of loading there is another, though quite controversial, side: when lifting, the load touches the bream and alarms it. And this is true, since the fish is very sensitive to any touch. Then why not carry the main load half a meter up? Lifting the float to its full height is, of course, a beautiful sight, but do we even need it? I raised the bream of the supplements, the main load hangs somewhere in half water, the float floated up a couple of centimeters – and that’s enough. And the weight of the load is small, and the olive, dangling in front of the nose, does not frighten the bream. I also studied this issue in detail in fishing for pike with girders and as a result began to use the longest leashes so that after the grip the load would not knock on the pike’s back. Finally, we must mention one more property of a light load, which sometimes plays a very important role. More than once, my scavenger grabbed the nozzle on the fall while smoothly lowering the nozzle to the bottom after casting. Have you ever had this? Noticing this, I began to reload more often and eventually became convinced that the slow drop of the nozzle really works. And the lower the weight of the load, the slower and longer the nozzle descends.

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One more small remark can be made here. At one time, I began to use a semblance of fishing with a line along the bottom, when small pulls on the float cause an immediate bite. In a standing position – silence, but it is worth making a pull for a meter and a half – and the float immediately rises. This technique worked only with a sliding float, and the principle of its operation was directly related to the load and its equipment. When I figured it out, I realized that the following was happening: you do a lift and the line, through the ring of the float, raises the nozzle, which then slowly descends – at this moment the bite follows. Again, it turns out that it bites on a fall or rise. This technique works on a pound of breeder weighing up to a pound. The same, by the way, happens when fishing on the current: when the float stops at the end of the line at the hood or as a result of slowing down along the line, the nozzle is lifted by the current and a bite follows.

As a result, the conclusion is very simple: the smaller the load, the better. But circumstances force, however, to put different weights and select the location of the sinkers in the rig. It should always be remembered that a load with one weight 15–20 cm from the hook will show the full rise of the float when biting, and a chain of weights 40 centimeters long will show only a partially floating float, since part of the load will still remain on weight. As you can see, the general sensitivity of the tackle and the visual manifestation of the float’s operation strongly depend on the distribution of the load, which must be taken into account when choosing the option that is necessary according to the circumstances: the subtleties of the load depend on specific conditions. But don’t get too hung up on tackle – not only is it important in bream fishing. Groundbait and nozzle are no less important.