Most fishermen consider bleak frivolous fish, and its fishing – an occupation for children or novice anglers who master float fishing. Controversial opinion. There are ponds where a lot of large bleak. And properly cooked, this fish in gastronomic terms is not inferior to smelt or herring. However, you need to be able to purposefully catch bleak.
The bleak is widespread throughout Europe, with the exception of the southernmost countries. This nimble schooling fish lives in almost all water bodies, from large lakes and reservoirs to small rivers and even meter-wide streams. The most interesting and effective are pre-spawning and spawning fishing for bleak. It spawns depending on the type of reservoir, water temperature and other natural factors from mid-May to early July. However, the most delicious, in my opinion, is the bleak caught in August – September.
There are real masters of catching bleak. For example, a world record – 690 bites per hour – was set in France in 2003 by a meter-long fly fishing rod. Among domestic champions can be called Peter MINENKO, the developer of popular baits. A few years ago, his record was 1,100 bites in three hours. On average, a fisherman-athlete at the level of a master or candidate for a master catches 100-160 fish per hour in a pond full of bleak. But they know how to catch the bleak of one. The craze for plug fishing has led to the loss of fishing skills with other gear and methods, so even many eminent float athletes can not successfully catch the bleak purposefully.
Usually, bleaching in length does not exceed 15 cm, and its standard in the reservoirs of central Russia is 8-10 cm. The size of the fish depends on the food supply in the reservoir and competition from the fry of other, larger cyprinids. Usually bleak is kept in the coastal zone of rivers with a weak and medium flow, in whirlpools and bays, in areas with a reverse flow and a depth of one or two meters. In extensive water bodies, from May to the end of August, bleak feeds in the surface layers, and in hot weather it rarely leaves deeper than 1-1.5 m from the surface. Therefore, in lakes and reservoirs, it pecks better in windy weather and with a strong wave.
In my opinion, the most interesting and active catching of bleak in water bodies with a course: small and medium rivers, canals. True, the size of the bleak in reservoirs with a course is slightly smaller than that found, for example, in the Mozhaisk reservoir or a quarry near the village of Aborino in the Noginsk region, where this fish reaches 18-22 cm in length. Often my friends and I go to these reservoirs to catch large bleak specially. But such reservoirs can be counted on the fingers, so it’s better to talk about the most common and widespread fishing for bleak. On the river, you should choose areas with a weak and medium flow, it is advisable to find a backwater or whirlpool with a reverse flow. In standing ponds, it is better to catch on the windward shore, that is, so that the wind blows in your face, since it is in the surf zone that flocks of bleak are fed.
In my opinion, fly telescopes, that is, having no rings 2-3 to 7 m long, are most suitable for catching bleachers, especially in rivers. In May, even on canals and rivers over 100 m wide, it is most promising to catch bleak closer to the shore: the small fish prepares for spawning and collects food nailed to the shore. You can successfully catch bleak with a short, 9-meter, plug, using a thin rubber shock absorber with a diameter of 0.6-0.7 mm.
When fishing for bleak with a classic fly fishing rod 3-5 m long, a monophile with a diameter of 0.07-0.09 mm is used as the main fishing line. The leash is worth paying attention to. If you usually use a leash 0.02 mm thinner than the main fishing line when fishing with float tackle, on the contrary, when fishing on ukleechnoy, you need to put a leash of a slightly larger diameter than the main fishing line. The leash length is 15-25 cm. With such a leash, the nozzle immerses more smoothly and evenly, which increases the effectiveness. But often a leash is not necessary at all. The floats are used with a long antenna and keel, with a lifting capacity of 0.1-0.5 g. They surround the float so that the antenna protrudes above the water surface by a third or a quarter. The loading is carried out by pellets weighing 0.02-0.07 g, evenly spaced at intervals of 7-10 cm.
The best nozzle for catching bleak, I think maggot. When fishing on it, nickel-plated hooks of white color in a classic form with a straight forend No. 18-20 according to international classification should be used. The maggot is pierced through so that the sting of the hook goes out. One maggot can catch at least three to four fish. Bleak is very curious and loves to try everything, so with an active bite you can continue to successfully catch even the sucked shell of maggot. During the zhor, the fish very often comes across even on an empty shiny hook. Well bleak is caught on small grains of steamed pearl barley. In zhor, bleak can be caught on silicone balls and even on a foam flavored with vanilla. One of the great “long-playing” nozzles is cotton wool with dough, soaked in vanilla or anise.
When choosing bait, you should not attach particular importance to the brand, the main thing is that it should be finely divided. When mixing, the bait is waterlogged so that it gives more turbidity in the water and creates a train. It’s worth adding 100 g per 1 kg of powdered milk and bright fractions, for example, crushed corn flakes, to the bait mixture.
Casting is loud and noisy: bleak responds very vividly to the surge and strives for it. The wiring should be short. No bites – do another reboot. When fishing, you should constantly feed the area with waterlogged bait. This is easiest to do with a regular tablespoon.
From shallow bleak, 8-10 cm long, prepare salted fish ala hamsa, salt with spices, basil, cloves and black pepper in an enameled bowl for 24 hours. Middle bleak, 10-12 cm long, is salted for a day without oppression with a little sugar, bay leaves and black peppercorns, then hung on a thread in the shade. But it’s better to lay out a large, especially May one, after salting out on a two-three-layer newspaper and then turn it over 2-3 times a day for several days. With this drying, less moisture and fat are consumed, and bleaching is especially tender and tasty.
author Vladimir DOROFEEV