The body of the ruff is compressed laterally, the mouth is small retractable. The upper and ventral fins are equipped with strong spines. The back is gray-green with brown spots. It reaches a length of up to 15 cm, sometimes more. Modern anglers are ambiguous towards ruff. It happens that he annoys at the most inopportune moments. For example, when fishing for bream, breeding and other more solid fish. On the other hand, what kind of ear without a brushed broth? It is unlikely that anyone would think of boiling it, say, from crucian carp, which are best baked in sour cream, or from lake pike, frankly smelling of mud, or from roach, when the yushka is obtained, despite all your efforts, with a fair share of bitterness. Cooking the fish soup (triple, double, single) for a real anglerfish is a kind of ritual action. In the fresh air, with smoke, she really is one of the seven wonders of the world. And here the ruff is beyond competition. In addition, large copies are good in fried form. And from small fish you can cook wonderful “sprats”.
NOT ONLY FOR CULINARY
However, the object of our attention is interesting not only from the gastronomic point of view. The capture of a dozen or two prickly fish for a novice fisherman is like for a “pro” a successful hunt for a chub or asp. Sometimes ruff helps out in the most hopeless situations. Not to mention the fact that winter fishermen at sports competitions of various ranks often take prizes precisely because of this fish. Incidentally, I consider myself to be those anglers who catch a ruff not for the sake of “tails”, grams and kilograms. And by virtue of, it seems to me, the only right approach to fishing is the possibility of solitude in nature, working out fishing techniques and tactics. And simply because I am very sympathetic to this phlegmatic, dignified representative of the perch family. Where a large, so-called “royal” ruff is found, few will refuse to catch it on purpose. Especially in the “dead” periods, when the bobber fisherman bite the nose is not a burden, but a joy.
A lot has been written about this big-eyed, studded with thorns and plentifully covered with mucus perch. That’s just about autumn fishing, except for the classics (from the standpoint, of course, of the fisherman of the last century), no one has said anything significant so far. And completely in vain. The fact is that already after the first cold matinees this fish gets into numerous schools and catching it can be very interesting and exciting. Unlike the same roach, ruff at this time (up to freezing) takes eagerly – it is only important to find its parking. Authors writing about ruffling a ruff in open water, as I have noticed, are extremely unanimous regarding their traditional habitats. Usually referred to are deep pits with a clay-muddy bottom, washings on steep shores, areas near blockages of snags, stones, etc. It is likely that all this stereotypical set of hot spots is dictated by the fact that ruff is a twilight and nocturnal fish, and therefore daytime forced to look for a shadow.
WITH METER DEPTH
However, numerous cases when, one after another, I dragged a ruff from a meter deep, where there were no shelters, in no way fit into the proposed search scheme. Even taking into account the phlegmatic “character” of a ruff, I will not deny him the ability to make local migrations, which depend primarily on the availability of food, as well as on the undesirable proximity of such predators as pike, burbot, and catfish. And, of course, when searching for a ruff, one cannot ignore its seasonal movements. The last factor, however, does not mean that with the onset of autumn colds all ruffes, as if by command, rush into the pits. In contrast to cyprinids, in which cold snap is depressing and which takes some time to adapt, the ruff reacts more calmly to seasonal changes. Another thing is that bottom fodder organisms during this period can move to a depth, and after them shallow areas and ruff schools leave. But where there is enough food (mouths of rivers and streams, underwater hollows, deep bays, old ladies with a slow current), the ruff is settled. And his nibble is excellent. Such places are just worth a visit to the scorcher fisherman.
FROM THE BEACH – FISHING ROD
A ruff is usually caught from the shore by a float fishing rod without a reel (with a “deaf” rig). Donkeys are irrational. The shorter and lighter the rod, the more convenient it is to manipulate it during a greedy continuous bite. For the same reasons, the length of the fishing line (diameter 0.10-0.12 mm) should not exceed the length of the rod. The hook is selected depending on the type of attachment: larger (No. 3.5-4.5) when fishing for pieces of earthworm and smaller for bloodworms. Ruff – bottom fish, so the float is loaded in order to deliver the nozzle to the bottom as quickly as possible. Some anglers put two hooks – one at the end of the line and the other on a short leash about 5 cm higher.
This allows you to use two types of nozzles at the same time. If there is no bite after casting, the place is changed until a flock of ruff is discovered. In the process of fishing, it is recommended to periodically throw small portions of bait – finely chopped and rolled into clay earthworms or fodder bloodworms. A larger ruff is taken in stride, so that the float is immediately immersed in water. A small ruff pulls a nozzle for a long time and is able to bring out the patience of the most cold-blooded fisherman. In places inaccessible to the float fishing rod (driftwood, stumps, reeds, shrubs), the best results are obtained by plumbing in mormyshka.
Open Water Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)