As usual, with spring heating of the water, many anglers set up to catch crucian carp. At this time, it can be successfully caught not only in bodies of water without a current, but also on rivers. In my article, I would like to talk about catching goldfish on rivers using feeder gear. About equipping the feeder for such fishing, about choosing a promising place, about bait and baits, a little about tactics and fishing techniques – in general, about everything that will help to achieve success in river carp fishing.
When and where to catch
Active biting of silver crucian carp on the rivers, as a rule, begins immediately after the end of the flood. At first, when the water is still cool enough, this fish can actively feed almost all day. But after the water warms up to 15-16 degrees, crucian carp can go on feeding only in the morning, evening or night hours. True, sometimes there are exceptions when the biting of crucian carp, and often large enough, can be observed in the daytime, often in the heat, when, apparently, no fish should take it. For example, while fishing on the Pakhra or the Moscow River, I often came across very decent specimens of silver crucian carp on feeder tackle just in the daytime, from 11 to 14 hours.
It is no secret that feeding places for crucian carp can vary. And radically. This is influenced not only by the water temperature, but also by the direction of the wind, and other atmospheric phenomena affecting the location and behavior of its food objects. In what places on the river is it worth looking for this fish? Firstly, in reaches and generally sections of the river with a uniform and relatively weak course. Flocks of crucian carp can also be kept near coastal vegetation, where there are always many different larvae, insects and other food objects. Food can be carried into the river from tributaries, as well as fall from coastal vegetation. Such sites are also very promising for fishing. In addition, ultra-long castings and the use of heavy feeders are not required here.
Another favorite place for crucian carp is the river bays, where there are small pre-channel pits. Here this fish can stay almost all day, and in the evening go out to feed in shallow water. Karas love to swim near aquatic vegetation, so casting with a feeder should be carried out in such a way that the feeder is in the area of clean water, but near the edge of the plants. Often, crucian carp is found in drops of depth, on coastal channel brow near sedge or water lilies. In order to catch such a place on not very wide rivers such as Pakhra, castings must be made to the opposite bank. In general, there are not so few places where you could successfully catch this fish on a feeder.
What to catch
When catching river crucian, the quality of the catch can greatly depend on the distance of fishing. Therefore, for the early detection of a promising fishing zone, it is best to use not one, but two or even three feeders. Throwing equipment at different distances and finding the location of the fish at the moment by bites, you can later go on fishing with two or only one fishing rod. The length of the rods depending on the river and fishing distance can vary from 2.70 to 3.90 m or even more. As for the feeder capacity, in many respects it depends both on the nature of the river and on the chosen place. For example, in bays where there is virtually no current, there will be enough light and middle class fishing rods, with tests up to 60 g and 90 g, respectively. The range of weights of small and medium sized feeders used here lies in the range from 5 to 30 g – this is quite enough for fishing both at short and medium distances.
For fishing in bays at distances of 30-40 meters, I usually use feeders weighing 5-10 grams. I throw them with a light class feeder with dough up to 60 g and a length of 3.30 m. I put the top for these weights on 1 ounce. For more distant zones, in 50-80 m, on medium or strong currents I use a heavy class feeder with dough up to 120 g and a length of 3.6 meters. Medium-sized feeders, weighing 30-50 g, tips in 2 or 3 ounces. Coils are best used in sizes of 2500 and 3000 according to Shimano, with a rear clutch for more convenient and quick change of the spool. When choosing a fishing line, one should take into account not only the size of the estimated prey, but first of all the characteristics of the rod and the tops. Not without reason, in the homeland of the feeder, in England, the diameter of the fishing line is selected not by the size of the fish, but by the weight of the feeder. For example, for fishing with a feeder weighing up to 20 g, a fishing line with a breaking load of up to 1.5 kg is recommended.
The line for feeders of the light and middle class is best used monophilic, as it has minimal friction when passing through the numerous rings of the rod and is less noticeable for fish. For feeders of heavy classes at long distances, you can sometimes use wicker fishing line, preferably special for feeder fishing. It is softer and more flexible than ordinary “spinning” cords. For casting light feeders I use a special feeder monolesk with a diameter of 0.20 mm and a strength of 9 lb (about 4.5 kg), and for long casts of heavier rigs – 0.22 mm with a strength of 12 lb (about 6 kg). Leashes from fishing line 0.14-0.16 mm. The leash length is 30-50 cm, hooks from No. 12 to 16, depending on the type of bait used. As for the types of mounting of the rigs themselves, for fishing you can use the so-called “symmetric” or “asymmetric” loop, or you can use the “classic” – a rigid angular anti-twist with a fastened feeder.
What to catch
Of the baits of animal origin for catching river crucian, you can use a worm – dung or shamrock – and maggot. Maggots on the hook should be from 3 to 5 pieces, depending on the size of the hook. A good result is a sandwich from a dung worm preloaded with one or two maggots. From vegetable tips this fish prefers dough, steamed grains of pearl barley or wheat, pieces of pancake. You can try catching pasta, talker or dough. The dough is a pretty good nozzle for crucian carp, but it is not very firmly attached to the hook. In this sense, pasta is preferable – long and thin pasta, cut into pieces of 5-6 mm and planted in two or three pieces on a hook. You can also use star pasta.
You need to cook pasta to a “rubber” state, and then dump them in semolina. Such a nozzle is quite firmly and for a long time rests on the hook. True, crucian carp refers to it very specifically. Before grabbing it in your mouth and signaling it upstairs with a slight twitching of the top of the feeder, as the bream usually does, its crucian savor for a long time. And here it all depends on the exposure of the fisherman. If you hurry up with a hook, you will most likely pull out a hook with a “savory” nozzle. Barley or wheat should be planted in two or three grains so that they completely cover the hook. You can make sandwiches: a pair of barley grains and a couple of maggots or a couple of pasta slices with one or two maggots.
You can add some oils or flavors characteristic to fishing for carp fish to the vegetable heads. Take with you to the pond more diverse lures and do not be lazy to experiment with them. Crucian carp is no less capricious fish than its fellow from closed reservoirs. Today he can peck on one type of bait, and tomorrow give him something completely different. His preferences can change even during the day: he was just interested in the worm, and now serve pasta with anise, and that’s it!
What to feed
Good results when fishing in the course with an open feeder are provided by a rather simple, but quite working bait mixture, which includes 30% steamed millet, 30% breadcrumbs and 20 percent ground Hercules and ground sunflower meal. Sometimes it is appropriate, reducing one of the components, add steamed peas. Instead of breadcrumbs and “Hercules” you can use the specialized bait “River crucian” or “Feeder-crucian.” Aromatic additives such as anise, vanillin, hemp and others, not always, but still sometimes noticeably improve the result. It is more effective to add animal components to the feeding mixture – maggot or chopped worm. Their amount should be from 10 to 30%, depending on the viscosity of the bait hammered into the feeder. There should be more animal components in a thicker bait mixture, since they will take longer to wash.
How to catch
Preliminary feeding of the fishing zone should be carried out using the same feeder-cage. Having removed the leash with a hook, make a dozen casts with a feeder filled with a bait mixture, exactly in the place of the intended catch. In the future, when weakening the bite, it is desirable to do a similar procedure again. In general, catching crucian carp, and even river, with feeder tackle without preliminary feeding, is a rather frivolous occupation. You can catch something, but for the most part it will be a matter of chance. When biting river crucian carp, the tip of the feeder bends slightly, after which a smooth cutting should immediately follow. If the crucian carp did not catch on its own, and you missed the bite for some reason, do not rush to exhaust the tackle – give the fish a chance to peck again. If a worm was planted on the hook, then it is likely to happen. And then you should not yawn.
In rare cases, the tip may straighten and the fishing line weaken. Such bites are usually not common for crucian carp, but sometimes they happen. In general, empty bites and idle hooks when fishing for crucian carp with a feeder are quite few. As a rule, he takes the bait, especially the worm, for sure and often self-cuts. And one more important point. Crucian carp on the rivers often comes across large, under a kilo, or even more. In addition, he behaves on the hook much more briskly than his lake counterpart. Therefore, you always need to have a reliable net with a long handle on hand. In the vast majority of cases, crucian carp breaks the leash or descends precisely at the last stage of survival.