The capture of bream over a kilogram is usually associated with bottom fishing, or fishing in large and deep water bodies. This, however, is a controversial opinion. In my practice, I managed to catch the largest bream, weighing 2-3 kg, just on small and medium rivers with a width of 10 to 50 m and depths of 1 to 2 m. What are the tricks and features of such fishing, I’ll try to tell . On many small and medium-sized rivers in central Russia, about the middle of May, the bream fishing season begins. In the European part of Russia, even near large cities, despite poaching and strong pressure from amateur fishermen, you can become the owner of several breams weighing from 1 to 3 kg per day of fishing. Last year, just at the end of May, on a small canal near Bronnitsy, Moscow Region, I witnessed the capture of a bream weighing 3.7 kg. It happened in a 30-degree heat, in shallow water, just 15 meters from the coast.
I myself also most often caught bream weighing more than 1 kg precisely on hot sunny days and at shallow depths of about 1-2 m. And very often – with a short swoop off the coast, closer to the coastal vegetation. But, of course, for hunting a bream, you need to find an approach to each pond – by baits and baits, places and tackle.
On small and medium-sized rivers it is advisable to use light “sport” class rods with a length of 7-8 m for blind equipment. It is convenient to attach it to the top of the rod by means of a connector – a plastic fastener. The connectors are selected directly for the diameter of the tip of the fishing rod. And it’s better to do it right in the store, when buying a rod, because there is always a small variation in the diameters of both the ends of the rods of the same series and the connectors themselves. The connector should be worn on top with little resistance. Before fishing, the tip is smeared with ordinary SuperMoment glue and the connector is quickly put on. After 2-3 minutes, you can start fishing. It is advisable to have a couple of spare connectors and glue with you when fishing. Although in my long-term practice of fishing in one fell swoop, the connector peeled off only once.
The choice of easy fly-fishing rods is due to the fact that when fishing on the stream, frequent re-throws have to be made. It is very inconvenient to catch heavy rods. This affects not only the comfort of the process, but also the quality of the wiring. To catch bream in the course, use a monofilament with a diameter of 0.12-0.14 mm, not thicker. The bream is quite careful and is very meticulous about the diameter of the fishing line. Accordingly, a leash with a length of 15-25 cm is used 0.02 mm thinner than the main fishing line. An important role is played here by the factor of experience, dexterity. For example, when fishing with bream weighing 2-3 kg, I have long been using monofilament with a diameter of 0.1-0.11 mm as the main fishing line.
Posting by flywheel is carried out with frequent braking – every half meter, for 5-10 seconds. More often it is at the end of the braking, at the moment of releasing the snap, that bream bite occurs. However, it must be borne in mind that high-quality graphite swings are intended for fishing with a weight of up to 1.5-2 kg. Therefore, if there is a chance of catching more serious trophies, and often mixed with a bream, river carp and crucian carp are also much more dangerous than rivals, then it is better to use a bolonezhn.
It is more advisable to use a bolonez with a length of 6-7 m. The coil is inertialess, of any brand, of a thousandth size. Many people use compact inertia, you can put on a bolonezhn and fly reel: it is stronger, more durable and more convenient, however, and much more expensive. When fishing with a reel, monofilament with a diameter of 0.14-0.16 mm is used as the main fishing line. Bolonez has several advantages over the fly. This is a long-distance vacation of equipment, which allows you to fish at a considerable distance from the feeding table – often the bream is ten meters lower than the bait. In addition, a larger section of the river is caught, and, finally, the presence of a reel greatly facilitates fishing and reduces the likelihood of breakage during sharp jerks of large fish.
For fishing for bream on small and medium rivers, plug-in rods 9–11 m long are also used. A rubber shock absorber is usually sufficient to be located in the two upper knees. Most often, rubber shock absorbers with a diameter of 1-1.2 mm are used. The advantage of the plug is that it is possible to carry out frequent full braking during wiring or to keep the nozzle at the bottom clearly at a baited point. With other types of rods this is practically impossible, but meanwhile, a large bream prefers to feed from the bottom and is not very inclined to make unnecessary gestures, chasing a nozzle floating by. This is the young bream – a scavenger up to half a kilogram – greedily grabs bloodworms, maggots or worms, swimming 10-20 cm above the bottom. Naturally, using all these types of fishing rods with a fairly thin fishing line in a snap, you should have a landing net with a long, 2-3 m, handle, otherwise cliffs when lifting the fish are inevitable.
Bloodworms are a favorite natural bream feed. Therefore, it is the best nozzle. Usually on a hook No. 16-20 according to international numbering a bunch of 4-6 bloodworms is planted. But it happens that a 2-3-kilogram bream is so careful that it is caught only by one moth on hook No. 20-22. However, there are rivers where the bream, regardless of the time of year, practically does not respond to bloodworms and can be caught only with maggot or worm. And better for a sandwich: one or two maggots and a piece of the worm.
It is more difficult to catch bream in rivers, where in the silt there are a lot of pipe-makers – they don’t practically take bream there for worms or maggots. The tubule is so greasy and nutritious that in places of its mass habitat the fish generally ceases to respond to other animal nozzles. In such cases, a vegetable-test, grains of steamed pearl barley or corn, and often small cake cubes help out.
There is an opinion that the bream prefers light bait based on white wheat crackers. However, I hold a different point of view and apply darker bait based on rye breadcrumbs. It makes sense to add flavorings and bite activators to the bait. 1.5-2% vanilla powder is ideal for this, but it is expensive and not easy to find. Vanilla sugar powder can serve as a substitute. A good bream also responds to the addition of 10-15% cocoa powder to the mixture. Of the nutritional supplements, ground peanuts (10-15%), coconut flakes (5-10%) and medium-ground sweet cookies like Yubileiny (10-15%) should be used. From cereals to the bait, add 10-20% of steamed millet and the same amount of cooked peas. Well, it is advisable not to forget about the animal components – bloodworms, maggots or chopped worms.
The bream is very tasty in smoked form – both hot and cold smoked. But few people know that the rib parts of the bream are ideally suited as an additive to the compound ear, where zander and perch are present. I prefer bream stuffing and baking in the oven. My recipe is simple. In large bream, cleaned from scales, we remove the gills. Cooking minced meat:
– finely chopped boiled egg – 40%,
– undercooked rice of those varieties that are used for pilaf – 40% (rice can be pre-soaked for a couple of hours, pour boiling water),
– finely chopped onions – 20%.
Stir the minced meat, adding salt and spices to taste. Stuffing is placed in the abdominal cavity of the fish and sewn with thread. It’s good to put a slice of lemon under the gill covers of the fish, from where the gills were removed. Outside, lightly rub the fish with salt, coat it with mayonnaise or vegetable oil, wrap it in foil, put it on a baking sheet and put it in a preheated oven for about 60-75 minutes. Once, after 30-40 minutes, the fish should be turned over. Having removed the finished fish from the oven, it is necessary, without unfolding the foil, to cool it to 35-40 degrees – then the foil will easily move away from the skin.