Bottom relief and technique for catching it

Bottom relief and technique for catching itFish – any, and especially a predator, extremely rarely rests on an even clean bottom and prefers various heterogeneities of the relief. White fish find food and shelter in such places, and a predator is a convenient place for an ambush. This is well known to fishermen, and therefore, very often beginner spinningists, more experienced fellow hobbyists, recommend looking for fish on the edge and dumps. The advice itself is correct, but not exhaustive. Not so simple with the eyebrows: even if you find a good eyebrow at first glance, you can not wait for a single bite on it. What is the matter? There are various edges and dumps in almost all water bodies – the bottom is never completely flat – but usually these relief elements have a considerable length.

On reservoirs, for example, the edges extend along the entire channel of the flooded rivers, and this is tens of kilometers, and throughout their length the fish is very uneven. Accordingly, catches at different points will be very different. The reason for these differences is that the bottom sections with a sharp drop in depth, which anglers call the common word "dumps," are actually very different. Most often, the location of the predatory fish is decisively influenced by the seemingly insignificant features of the dump topography – various tubercles, tongues, navels located both on the dump and near it. Of course, bottom irregularities can be present not only in dumps, but also in irrigation, and near the shore, but from the point of view of spinning fishing, the channel part of the reservoir is of particular interest: it is here that a large predator spends most of its time. To understand where it can hold, you need to have a good idea of ​​the features of the microrelief in a particular place in the reservoir. Let's talk about this in more detail.

Navels and rollers

These are all kinds of unevenness of the bottom, which can be located in the upper part of the dump, where the edge passes, and on its slope, and directly at the base of the dump, on the channel. Spinningists usually call the navel a relatively small tubercle of a rounded or, more often, oval shape. The roller – the same scale elevation, but more elongated. Say, with a roll width of 1-2 meters, its length can be 20 meters or more. The first option that is worth considering is a roller or navel on the edge.

Sailing in a boat over such a place, you can see a characteristic picture on the echo sounder screen: even watering with a depth of, say, 3 meters, then going up to 2, and then a sharp dump of 5-6 meters. Typically, such a roller or navel is formed by a more dense soil than adjacent sections of the dump. Water washes soft soils around. But on rivers with a strong current and a sandy bottom, rollers and navels sometimes appear, on the contrary, as superficial formations. Often a shell rock plays a role in the emergence of such relief elements. One way or another, but these elevations are often noticeably more “sonorous” than neighboring sections of the bottom, and this is clearly felt when jigging.

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If the fish is active and goes to the watering to feed, it is necessarily delayed at the eyebrow rollers and navels. Their sizes can be very small – a width of 1-2 meters and a height of up to 0.5 meters, but this is enough to ensure that the predator accumulates here. Both navels and rollers must be caught from the riverbed: casting for irrigation, then pulling the bait onto the roller and pulling it down. You do not just have to anchor to the elevation itself – this is how you can be at the fish “on your head,” as a result of all, disperse and catch nothing.

The second option: elevation of the relief is located on the slope of the dump. In such a place, the capture of zander is quite likely. In general, zander can stand at the base of the dump, and somewhere near the edge, but if there is something to “catch” on the dump itself, then the zander will probably be there. As a rule, the rollers located on the slope of the dump are small in size, but they are also found in tens of meters in length. They are usually formed on gentle, "protracted" piles with a smooth difference in depth, for example, from 5 to 15 meters. Often, they owe their appearance to large colonies of shells.

Various forms of navels and rollers can be found on the channel itself. On the reservoirs, such irregularities are often man-made: piles driven into the bottom, elements of concrete structures, fragments of destroyed water and road time, etc. Channel rollers are larger. Say, once, before the reservoir was filled, it was an island, now it’s just an elongated hill at the bottom of the reservoir. Such places work well when a predator, such as pikeperch, gravitates to depth. On the channel, the fish also never disperses evenly, but, on the contrary, concentrates on any irregularities.

Pike perch are schooling (with the exception of the largest specimens, which are kept apart), and often from all around it gathers precisely at such a navel or roller. It should be borne in mind that, although a channel navel can be successfully caught from any direction, there is always one direction of casting, which is the best. To find it, you often have to rearrange the boat several times.


It happens that a flat bottom surface of shallow watering or a coastal slope is interrupted by a deeper notch that extends from the channel. Such elements of relief among spinningists are called pockets. The sizes of pockets can vary greatly, but the main thing that allows you to combine all such bottom recesses into one category is that they are not too large so that they cannot be caught from one point without rearranging the boat. Most often, pockets are 5-20 meters wide, and their length can reach 30-40 meters.

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Pockets are attractive to the predator in that the often migrating linen is collected here in large quantities. Correctly catching a pocket – the task is not as simple as it might seem. The main thing is to choose the point of "shelling" correctly. Most often, the boat is placed on the channel opposite the entrance to the pocket. In this case, it is convenient to catch both the edges located at its edges and the entire area of ​​the pocket. The main task is to find where exactly the fish is. If contacts with the bait are observed in the farthest part of the pocket, it makes sense to shift and stand directly at the entrance. But we must keep in mind that more often than not a predator takes a position precisely at the entrance to the pocket, as if locking the linen that has entered the pocket. Typically, such points bring good catches in the fall, when the rolling of peaceful fish to the depths begins.

Tongues and braids

Languages ​​are one of my favorite varieties of microrelief. The language refers to a small elevation, extending from the shallow shore to the channel. As a rule, the tongue moves away from the coastal edge, and the depth on it is the same as on irrigation. So, if the watering is three meters deep, then the language will be about the same or slightly less, and along its edges there are dumps in the channel part. Often, such languages ​​are formed at the places where denser soils, usually clay, exit. These are very promising places at any time. There are places where several languages ​​are located close to each other. For example, over 100 meters of dump they can be 4-5, sometimes more. If you put the boat in such a way as to throw it with the flow, then the bait can be drawn through several languages ​​- at least one predator will stand.

This is ideal, but such areas are found in large numbers, perhaps, only in the lower Volga and on Akhtuba. If there is no current in the reservoir, it makes sense to stand directly in front of the tongue and catch both its slopes and the adjacent edges. This allows you to quickly determine the most effective area. When it is found, you can rearrange the boat so as to catch point casts. If possible, try to catch the tongue with one throw on both sides. For example, standing on a dump, over a depth of 7 meters, toss the tongue, putting the bait to a depth of 6 meters, tighten by four meters and then catch the slope on its side.

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Unlike the tongue, the spit goes into the channel directly from the coast. I'm not talking about large braids reaching almost to the middle of the river, or about flooded roads and embankments on reservoirs. It's about small braids several tens of meters long. Even a small braid is a very attractive place for a predator along its entire length. The reason is that the fry constantly gather here in large numbers. A predator can stand both on the side of the scythe, and on itself. This largely depends on the season and time of day. So, at night and at dusk, predators usually hunt on the scythe itself, and in the morning they move in depth. Work areas on small braids are also very compact and sometimes make up just a few meters. The fish will most often stand by some small irregularities, by flooded bushes or stones lying at the bottom.

Concluding the conversation about local bottom irregularities, I want to say that they help not only find and catch fish, but also learn how to feel the pond. There are places where for several kilometers of the channel there are only a few attractive places for a predator, and if you manage to often be in such an area, then you should not be too lazy and try to calculate the schedule for the predator to go hunting at these points. To do this, you will have to write down in the diary all the bites, their time, fishing depth, weather. But over time, the need for recordings will disappear: there comes a time when perception moves to the subconscious level. When, being in a familiar reservoir, you immediately make the right decision on which point to go in these conditions – whether to go on a scythe, check your pocket or, conversely, catch a channel navel.

I mentioned here only the main types of bottom irregularities that attract fish. Of course, the variety of relief is not limited to them. Other factors, such as channel turns, the presence of snag, large colonies of shells, even separately lying stones, also influence the predator’s location, but all this requires a special discussion.

author Andrey ZhIVIN

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