I usually start my winter season by catching perch in small quarries and ponds located in the near Moscow suburbs. Firstly, fairly strong ice is installed on them faster. And secondly, it’s like training, working out the reaction, checking gear and equipment. Fishing at the ponds lasts no more than five to seven days. As soon as the ice becomes thicker – it's time to move to solid ponds. In pristine icefish, perches gather in schools, which usually consist of fish of the same age and size, since (let's not forget) a large striped predator can happily bite smaller ones. Moreover, the larger the fish, the smaller the flock.
In closed reservoirs on the first ice, perch, as a rule, adheres to places with a rocky or sandy bottom – there is more oxygen here than where the soil is muddy. On the rivers his favorite places are still waters, pits with a snag at the bottom, fallen trees and bushes; bays framed by a reed wall. It is generally accepted that perch is not afraid of picks, noise on ice. But often roach, ide, bleak, and other careful fish, which panic away from noise, live next to it. Of course, this can alert the flock of perches, and she will leave after them. Therefore, precaution to the fisherman is still desirable. Does this not explain the fact that at first there is no bite in the punched pit holes, but if you come back here an hour or two later, how does the perch begin to take?
The first ice is not only a bell, but also thin. Holes are easy to chop. Usually, in a well-known or attractive place, I make them five or six at once. If it freezes and the ice is clear, you should spray the water around each hole in a radius of 1.5-2 meters in advance with a scoop. They do this so that the perch is not disturbed by the shadow and movements of the angler. But, as a rule, you can always find patches of whitish ice or snow powder. Especially carefully, such places should be checked in shallow water, where perches often go hunting for fish juveniles. One day in early December, having spent the most precious morning hours searching for a perch flock, I noticed a small strip of snow amidst clear ice. He drilled a hole and began to lower a mormyshka into it. But what is it? The fishing line, after passing thirty centimeters, does not go any further. Finely? I hook it up just in case and with surprise take out a perch of grams per three hundred. Behind him another, third. The snow strip gave me then a dozen good perches. The depth below it was only half a meter.
There are ponds where perch takes well, but not enough. In this case, having determined the approximate distance from the coast and the depth at which there were bites, they drilled along the coast to a dozen holes at a distance of 5-10 m from one another. The main thing is not to stay in one place if there are no bites. But moving from one hole to another, by the end of even a short December day you may find yourself with a fairly good catch. In the case when the fishing line does not sail in the wind, I generally prefer to catch the holes while standing. Yes, and it’s inconvenient to constantly drag a fishing box with you. Thanks to such an energetic search, you can get to the catchy hole, which should stay longer.
For about a month after freezing, perch is active, stubbornly resists when fighting. Therefore, it is better to set the fishing line with a diameter of 0.12 mm when fishing on a mormyshka, and 0.15 mm when catching a humpback is possible. Very small mormyshki need not be used. Firstly, they require a thinner fishing line, lowering them into the hole in the wind is a problem. And secondly, the larger the bait, the more noticeable wave oscillations it creates in the water column, and the faster the fish detects it. In the course of "pellets", "droplets", "oats", "Ural", "lentils", and sometimes – "goat", "little devil", "witch", colored mormyshki, and of course, non-sprouting ones. In reservoirs where the perch is not spoiled by the attention of fishermen, a dung worm, which has been harvested since autumn, is quite suitable as a nozzle for mormyshka. Maggots, leeches are also suitable. In the Urals and Siberia, the most popular bait is Mormysh (Bormash). But in the Kaluga region on one forest lake we caught perch in thin strips … moose.
Moscow winter fishermen accustomed the striped predator to more delicate baits: bloodworms, the larva of burdock moth or a “sandwich” of them. Sometimes, perch can change its taste several times during the day. Say, in the morning he takes it better on bloodworms, and in the afternoon only one tiny white larva of burdock moth, or even an empty mormyshka.
Many anglers prefer, especially on the first ice, to fish exclusively on small, special perch baits or on twisters equipped with an uncoupling device. In my arsenal, for example, there are several unique spinners, descriptions of which I have not seen so far in the fishing literature. Here I will tell only about one of them – of Tver origin. It is made of thin silver plate and lead solder. The bait spoon is supplied with a small tee No. 13-15, equipped with short red wool. The bait is quite light and is used mainly at a depth of 2-2.5 m. Craftsman fishermen make such baubles, using thinly rolled (in the factory) silver fifty-kopeck coin coins for harvesting. From one coin you can make up to 20 spinners.
The methods and techniques of winter perch fishing are well known to domestic fishers. However, they could learn something from foreign experience. So, the Scandinavians, who willingly adopted the "Russian secret weapon" – mormyshka, successfully catch perch in winter. Of particular interest are mormyshki, painted under various benthic crustaceans. Such baits are serially produced by some Finnish companies. Testing of such mormysheks when fishing on the Vyshnevolotsky reservoir and other water bodies gave good results. In any case, the perch willingly took on this bait with and without a bloodworm nozzle.
As for the microbalancer bait, Scandinavian anglers prefer to catch perch with bait from maggot on it. Larvae can be planted both on one hook, and on both. In general, the flexibility in the tactics of catching perch, in my opinion, boils down to a skillful combination of lures and fishing for mormyshka. At the same time, the angler must be psychologically prepared, albeit for rare, pike bites. As a rule, a line break in this situation is inevitable. And the last one. Caution has not hurt anyone, especially when the ice is thin. It is best to move along a pond with a foot and it is desirable that a reliable comrade is always nearby. Self-confidence, haste are the main reasons for the tragic cases of fishing from the ice.
author: Kazantsev V.
We catch from the ice. All Secrets of Winter Fishing (Complete Fishing Guide)
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